Nucleic Acids Res.: auth.: group Stasiak

 2018 Nov 5. doi: 10.1093/nar/gky1091. [Epub ahead of print]

Are TADs supercoiled?

Racko D1,2,3Benedetti F1,4Dorier J1,4Stasiak A1,2.


Topologically associating domains (TADs) are megabase-sized building blocks of interphase chromosomes in higher eukaryotes. TADs are chromosomal regions with increased frequency of internal interactions. On average a pair of loci separated by a given genomic distance contact each other 2-3 times more frequently when they are in the same TAD as compared to a pair of loci located in two neighbouring TADs. TADs are also functional blocks of chromosomes as enhancers and their cognate promoters are normally located in the same TAD, even if their genomic distance from each other can be as large as a megabase. The internal structure of TADs, causing their increased frequency of internal interactions, is not established yet. We survey here experimental studies investigating presence of supercoiling in interphase chromosomes. We also review numerical simulation studies testing whether transcription-induced supercoiling of chromatin fibres can explain how TADs are formed and how they can assure very efficient interactions between enhancers and their cognate promoters located in the same TAD.

PMID: 30395328