FEBS J. 2020 Oct 8. doi: 10.1111/febs.15586. Online ahead of print.
Adapting to changes in nutrient availability and environmental conditions is a fundamental property of cells. This adaptation requires a multi-directional coordination between metabolism, growth and the cell cycle regulators (consisting of the family of cyclin-dependent kinases (CDKs), their regulatory subunits known as cyclins, CDK inhibitors, the retinoblastoma family members and the E2F transcription factors). Deciphering the mechanisms accountable for this coordination is crucial for understanding various patho-physiological processes. While it is well established that metabolism and growth affect cell division, this review will focus on recent observations that demonstrate how cell cycle regulators coordinate metabolism, cell cycle progression and growth. We will discuss how the cell cycle regulators directly regulate metabolic enzymes and pathways and summarize their involvement in the endolysosomal pathway and in the functions and dynamics of mitochondria.
Keywords: Cell cycle regulators; cell growth; endolysosomes; metabolism; mitochondria.
- PMID: 33030287
- DOI: 10.1111/febs.15586