Kidney Int.: co-auth.: GTF

Kidney Int. 2021 Nov 24;S0085-2538(21)01081-4. doi: 10.1016/j.kint.2021.11.016. Online ahead of print.

Dysfunction of the circadian clock in the kidney tubule leads to enhanced kidney gluconeogenesis and exacerbated hyperglycemia in diabetes

Camille Ansermet 1Gabriel Centeno 1Yohan Bignon 1Daniel Ortiz 2Sylvain Pradervand 3Andy Garcia 1Laure Menin 2Frédéric Gachon 4Hikari Ai Yoshihara 5Dmitri Firsov 6


The circadian clock is a ubiquitous molecular time-keeping mechanism which synchronizes cellular, tissue, and systemic biological functions with 24-hour environmental cycles. Local circadian clocks drive cell type- and tissue-specific rhythms and their dysregulation has been implicated in pathogenesis and/or progression of a broad spectrum of diseases. However, the pathophysiological role of intrinsic circadian clocks in the kidney of diabetics remains unknown. To address this question, we induced type I diabetes with streptozotocin in mice devoid of the circadian transcriptional regulator BMAL1 in podocytes (cKOp mice) or in the kidney tubule (cKOt mice). There was no association between dysfunction of the circadian clock and the development of diabetic nephropathy in cKOp and cKOt mice with diabetes. However, cKOt mice with diabetes exhibited exacerbated hyperglycemia, increased fractional excretion of glucose in the urine, enhanced polyuria, and a more pronounced kidney hypertrophy compared to streptozotocin-treated control mice. mRNA and protein expression analyses revealed substantial enhancement of the gluconeogenic pathway in kidneys of cKOt mice with diabetes as compared to diabetic control mice. Transcriptomic analysis along with functional analysis of cKOt mice with diabetes identified changes in multiple mechanisms directly or indirectly affecting the gluconeogenic pathway. Thus, we demonstrate that dysfunction of the intrinsic kidney tubule circadian clock can aggravate diabetic hyperglycemia via enhancement of gluconeogenesis in the kidney proximal tubule and further highlight the importance of circadian behavior in patients with diabetes.

Keywords: circadian clock; diabetes; gluconeogenesis; proximal tubule.