Dev Neurobiol.: auth.: group Herr

 2019 Jun 17. doi: 10.1002/dneu.22704. [Epub ahead of print]

Cortical and commissural defects upon HCF-1 loss in Nkx2.1-derived embryonic neurons and glia.


Formation of the cerebral cortex and commissures involves a complex developmental process defined by multiple molecular mechanisms governing proliferation of neuronal and glial precursors, neuronal and glial migration, and patterning events. Failure in any of these processes can lead to malformations. Here, we study the role of HCF-1 in these processes. HCF-1 is a conserved metazoan transcriptional co-regulator long implicated in cell proliferation and more recently in human metabolic disorders and mental retardation. Loss of HCF-1 in a subset of ventral telencephalic Nkx2.1-positive progenitors leads to reduced numbers of GABAergic interneurons and glia, owing not to decreased proliferation but rather to increased apoptosis before cell migration. The loss of these cells leads to development of severe commissural and cortical defects in early postnatal mouse brains. These defects include mild and severe structural defects of the corpus callosum and anterior commissure, respectively, and increased folding of the cortex resembling polymicrogyria. Hence, in addition to its well-established role in cell proliferation, HCF-1 is important for organ development, here the brain. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.


GABAergic neurons; Nkx2.1; anterior commissure; corpus callosum; cortex; glia; polymicrogyria

PMID: 31207118