J Proteome Res. 2010 May 20. [Epub ahead of print]
Aspergillus protein degradation pathways with different secreted protease sets at neutral and acidic pH.
Sriranganadane D, Waridel P, Salamin K, Reichard U, Grouzmann E, Neuhaus JM, Quadroni M, Monod M.
Aspergillus fumigatus grows well at neutral and acidic pH in a medium containing protein as the sole nitrogen source by secreting two different sets of proteases. Neutral pH favours the secretion of neutral and alkaline endoproteases, a leucine aminopeptidases (Laps) which are non-specific monoaminopeptidases and an X-prolyl dipeptidase (DppIV). Acidic pH environment promotes the secretion of an aspartic endoprotease of pepsin family (Pep1) and tripeptidyl-peptidases of the sedolisin family (SedB and SedD). A novel prolyl peptidase, AfuS28, was found to be secreted in both alkaline and acidic conditions. In previous studies Laps were shown to degrade peptides from their N-terminus until an X-Pro sequence acts as a stop signal. X-Pro sequences can be then removed by DppIV, which allows Laps access to the following residues. We have shown that at acidic pH Seds degrade large peptides from their N-terminus into tripeptides until Pro in P1 or P’1 position acts as a stop for these exopeptidases. However, X-X-Pro and X-X-X-Pro sequences can be removed by AfuS28 thus allowing Seds further sequential proteolysis. In conclusion, both alkaline and acidic sets of proteases contain exoprotease activity capable of cleaving after proline residues which cannot be removed during sequential digestion by non specific exopeptidases.
PMID: 20486678 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]